Division for Public Education, American Bar Association Division for Public Education, American Bar Association ABA/DPE _213ec390-5f78-4dca-9c81-7a601fb751a9 f87f0ef5-cfb8-4065-b1dc-69b8a914f13d To promote public understanding of law and its role in society _3c0cec9f-fb8f-4394-8e81-c4825f1a47b8 Context for Institutions Law provides an essential context for understanding key societal institutions. Conflict Resolution and Process A democratic society seeks to resolve conflicts peacefully and to achieve justice through the legal process. Understanding and Civic Participation Informed civic participation requires an understanding of the role of law. Confidence In and Access to Legal System An understanding of law promotes confidence in and access to the legal system for all people. Counteraction of Misinformation Programs that educate the public about law should promote understanding and counteract misleading and inaccurate ideas and images. Education Promote the highest-quality education about law in schools (kindergarten through adult classes) and in community settings. _249a14bd-1c42-4491-9d0a-06f6c88c300e 1 "A constitutional democracy, such as the United States of America, requires informed, effective, and responsible citizens for its maintenance and improvement. If the polity is to survive and thrive, citizens must have adequate knowledge of its principles and institutions, skills in applying this knowledge to civic life, and dispositions that incline them to protect individual rights and promote the common good" (Civics Framework for the 1998 National Assessment of Educational Progress, p. viii). Accordingly, each generation must reinvent the Republic for itself, internalizing and taking as its own the fundamental principles, values, and dispositions that undergird the American constitutional system. Because the American system is a constitutional (i.e., law-based) democracy, understanding the nature of law and its role in society -- past and present -- is an essential part of that process.Civic education has traditionally been part of the mission of the nation’s publicly supported elementary and secondary schools. While the public schools remain a locus of and foundation for civic education, the delivery system for civic education has become increasingly more complex due to key changes in demography, schooling, and technology that affect American society. For instance, during the past two decades, immigration to the United States reached levels not seen since the early part of the 20th century. As a result, 10 percent of the total U.S. population is now foreign born. More than half of the immigrants have arrived since 1980, and almost two-thirds of them have not yet become naturalized citizens. Moreover, the trend toward development of alternatives to mainstream public schools (home schooling; parochial, private, and charter schools; etc.) means that the public schools can no longer be seen as having a monopoly on K-12 education. Finally, Americans are increasingly recognizing that ongoing education (lifelong learning) is needed to keep pace with rapid social and technological changes. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, about 40 percent of adult Americans now participate in some form of continuing education.Trends such as these underscore the ongoing importance of and need for civic education if we hope to maintain the vitality of the American constitutional democracy. The scope of the task, however, has increased considerably, encompassing youths, college students, and adults. As we seek to fulfill our mission to promote public understanding of law and its role in society, the ABA Division for Public Education will look both within and beyond K-12 schools to reach young people. We will also look to both formal (post-secondary) educational institutions and informal educational delivery services, such as community-based forums, to reach adults.Many programs and materials about law and civic education have been developed. Evaluations of the effectiveness of these programs are far less common. As a result of this lack, those new to law-related education have little to guide their choices. The ABA can further the identification of excellent materials and programs by encouraging well-structured evaluations tailored to the objectives of law-related and civic education.In looking to the future, the ABA Division for Public Education must find ways to meet current and new challenges. We need to reaffirm our commitment to excellence and our preeminent leadership role in promoting the highest-quality education about law and legal topics in educational institutions at all levels and in diverse community settings. We can accomplish this by employing effective and diverse delivery systems so as to provide information, technical assistance, and opportunities for professional development to educators in classroom and community-based settings. National Information Clearinghouse Serve as a national information clearinghouse for educational programs and resources about law. _83e99680-225d-49e9-9073-927c09fd9734 1.a b2b6f3ac-77a8-4e67-9d8d-1f03c5974e5d d56433d6-fc18-4d58-8258-e5681f8b7d64 Programs and Resources Develop high-quality programs and resources that address the needs of students and the general public. _d67a7c7a-946d-40f5-9dc9-b125fb36b33d 1.b 5768fac0-8396-4b67-90fa-a6b7ec658dd7 4d3d1c4c-b554-46b0-8944-778dd1a05cab Effective Use Encourage the effective use of educational programs and resources about law. _43ee21a0-f489-4d69-a09c-f0908fda2c89 1.c eed5fcae-2fb1-4701-8fe8-5cef7c59000d 477252cd-7229-436d-9676-ec4e126029a9 Evaluation Encourage evaluation of the effectiveness of products and resources about law. _9ff47360-041e-4a19-bd52-7c1d4d06a425 1.d 73da5361-be97-4417-99ad-1f9e23f95ff8 711af52f-b5fe-4733-9346-c93c47bd226b Public Awareness and Dialogue Stimulate public awareness of, and dialogue about, law and its role in society. _3861f520-fc0c-4e57-9217-9e00f7d7fee8 2 "Americans live in an information age. The development of new, and the expansion of traditional, media has significantly increased public exposure to information. Reports about events happening in one part of the United States are quickly disseminated to other parts -- often by live telecast! Americans are bombarded daily with information about the law, lawyers, and the legal system. Whether legal matters actually occurred (such as the O.J. Simpson murder trial) or are fictional (such as a best-selling novel, an award-winning film, or a weekly television drama), they help shape public perceptions, attitudes, and beliefs. Educational efforts can help deepen public understanding by clarifying situations, counteracting misleading ideas and images, and providing accurate and timely information. America’s schools have an important role to play in fostering public understanding, but they can’t be expected to do so by themselves.We need broad-based efforts to stimulate public awareness and engage citizens in dialogue about law and legal issues and the role they play in a law-based democratic society. Accordingly, public education about law is critical to effective citizenship and the maintenance of a free and democratic society. The American Bar Association has long recognized this."Education," the great Swedish sociologist and economist Gunnar Myrdal emphasized, "has in America’s whole history been the major hope for improving the individual and society." The ABA’s commitment to public education about law is consistent with that insight. With the approach of the 21st century, the realities of the information age in which Americans live make the need for public education about law that much more compelling. To meet current and future challenges, the ABA seeks to capitalize on its strengths, build on its past accomplishments and current activities, and vigorously search out more effective ways to promote public understanding of law and its role in our dynamic and increasingly diverse society.The ABA’s commitment to public education about law is consistent with that insight. With the approach of the 21st century, the realities of the information age in which Americans live make the need for public education about law that much more compelling. To meet current and future challenges, the ABA seeks to capitalize on its strengths, build on its past accomplishments and current activities, and vigorously search out more effective ways to promote public understanding of law and its role in our dynamic and increasingly diverse society.The ABA Division for Public Education is an important catalyst for such broad-based law-related civic education efforts. By convening public forums on cutting-edge topics and issues, along with annual and commemorative events (such as Law Day and the upcoming bicentennial of Marbury v. Madison), we can focus public attention on, and discussion about, the importance of law and its role in American society. To stimulate and support community- and school-based efforts to create a legally literate public, we also need to disseminate high-quality resources of various media. These media include print publications, television and radio programs, film and video productions, interactive media, and electronic publishing. By effectively disseminating our programs and resources to diverse and newly emerging public constituencies, we can promote greater accessibility to, and understanding of, the legal system Public Forums Convene public forums and conduct annual commemorations and campaigns about law and the role of the legal profession in society. _af61ac15-a517-492a-84b4-6c443b99766e 2.a e34ad845-4694-4669-b84b-274286e36e6d 2f6d68b7-98f7-4f1a-ab65-3f1c68bf064e Publicity Publicize programs, resources, and recognition mechanisms to diverse public constituencies. _f6e5a786-5cbb-4c9b-8604-965970008160 2.b c747d353-994b-4761-bbfe-95d1d92c24a8 ca01a17a-52a0-4fa6-85c7-7787ae90a620 Marketing Market effectively the ABA Division for Public Education's programs and resources to diverse public constituencies. _c4e8cd40-2866-46f1-b64c-db4c58b48e73 2.c fc12fa14-be77-4b2d-a61a-276c0b8989b1 287597ba-1db7-4e41-beed-2870584bdaa3 Public Awareness Promote public awareness of the ABA's role in educating the public about law and legal issues. _03a7c30c-5386-425b-a5ae-16e2aa29d742 2.d 34e71fce-1bc0-4fb7-96b1-cf5452b67c92 10c553b2-ed4d-4620-8c62-eea9f1e8e52b Public Understanding Mobilize the resources of the ABA to promote public understanding of law and the legal profession. _ee777d2d-4fdc-470d-81b7-96a0e1cd89ca 3 "Lawyers are among America’s best educated and most active citizens. In addition to their specialized knowledge about the law, lawyers are well-informed citizens who seek to serve the common good. Many lawyers participate actively in their communities by sitting on civic boards and by volunteering their time and legal skills to community needs. Thus, lawyers are especially well-suited to lead and participate meaningfully in programs designed to enhance the public’s understanding of law and the vital role that law and the legal profession play in American society.In recent years, the American Bar Association has worked not only to advance the interests of its members, but also to serve the broader public interest. For example, in 1989, the ABA’s Task Force on Outreach to the Public re-emphasized the need to enhance public confidence in and support for the justice system through public education and related programs. And as recently as 1997, the ABA Commission on Separation of Powers and Judicial Independence recommended the need for vigorous public education programs to ensure public understanding of the justice system. Today, at a time when all membership organizations are aggressively seeking to secure their own base of support, it is essential that the ABA -- as an organization and through its individual members -- recommits itself to the work of public education that reinforces and strengthens Americans’ commitment to a law-based democratic society.Today’s legal profession is increasingly diverse, mirroring our nation as a whole. Fully 40 percent of students now enrolling in law school are women, and approximately 25 percent come from diverse racial backgrounds. Members of the legal community vary widely in roles, ages, experience, and areas of practice. They differ in the nature and location of their employment and with respect to the clients and/or publics they serve. And lawyers also have different levels of involvement in, and commitment to, the activities of the organized bar. Thus, the diversity of lawyers and their practices presents a challenge to the ABA, as the national voice for the legal profession, to inform and involve lawyers of all kinds in programs to enhance public understanding of the law. Yet this same diversity also offers the ABA a unique opportunity to reach, and better meet the educational needs of, historically underserved communities. As we prepare to enter a new millennium, the ABA Division for Public Education needs to identify creative new ways to engage the interest and talents of a diverse legal community so as to further the goals of public education. We must identify strategies to involve lawyers in meaningful ways and sufficient numbers in the design, implementation, and institutionalization of school-based and community-based educational programs. To do this, we must develop persuasive rationales that recruit new lawyers in the mission of public education. We must foster active partnerships with ABA sections, divisions, committees, and commissions so as to draw upon the substantive expertise and enthusiasm of our members in the advancement of public education. And we must create a variety of resource materials -- print, audiovisual, and Web-based -- to enhance the capability of lawyers to work effectively in partnerships with educators in classroom and community settings. Education Progams and Resources Develop public education programs and resources about law that draw upon the substantive expertise of ABA entities and members. _d1a1792d-f93d-4612-8762-62392fe959d8 3.a 1d8ccc04-7f69-4855-a04b-a80e3e12b23a 37715611-31b1-41b8-8047-06a19bfd0cde Publicity Publicize activities of the organized bar that are potential resources and models for public education about law. _21203f10-ddc8-42ad-8a5e-fe306b48c174 3.b 984004a1-8fe5-4e39-96be-5ab34a66748d 4ce0c553-8847-49bc-adb2-2cf288e05a0e Awareness Promote awareness among the organized bar of the activities of the ABA Division for Public Education. _bc557496-726b-43b0-abb1-933f7e07515e 3.c cb3490a4-28b6-4548-a005-cf1b44824279 eb4cf9db-1c95-419b-9518-5df5f13ba891 Encouragement and Recognition Establish mechanisms that encourage and recognize individuals and institutions for advancing public understanding of law. _1af0f205-ad2f-4bba-a980-25dd77202cb8 4 "Many key institutions, groups, and individuals in American society are engaged in providing the public with information about the law. Among these are educators, bar associations, the judiciary, legal professionals, schools and colleges, communications media, and civic organizations. To further our mission, we should continue to encourage and recognize exemplary public education activities. In this way, we leverage our own resources by facilitating other efforts in support of our mission, promote public awareness of their accomplishments, and help "consumers" of public education identify worthy products and services.Incentive awards and seed grants, for example, can provide critical support to individuals, groups, and organizations. The ABA’s prestigious Silver Gavel Award program annually recognizes all types of communications media that have been exemplary in fostering the American public’s understanding of law and the legal system. The highly regarded Isidore Starr Award regularly recognizes a leader in law-related education who has had a significant impact in elementary and secondary education. We also recognize outstanding Law Day activities conducted each year at the local level, sponsor a photography competition for young people, and present the annual Judge Edward R. Finch Award for the nation’s best speech for Law Day.In addition, the Division provides small grants to schools, colleges, bar associations, and community/civic groups to support and recognize innovative public education projects. Finally, in seeking and disseminating information about other worthy public education projects about law through our clearinghouse, we also provide recognition for their efforts. Through mechanisms such as these, the ABA identifies, validates, and publicizes outstanding efforts to advance public understanding of law.The Division will continue to increase the outreach and publicity for current awards and incentive programs so as to enhance their impact. We will identify new mechanisms that encourage and recognize institutions and individuals for advancing public understanding of law. For instance, the Division can encourage state bars to sponsor communications media and Law Day activity awards programs, if they do not already do so. We can make better use of the World Wide Web to set up hyperlinks, where possible, to sites representing award-winning and other exemplary programs and products (e.g., a local bar or community group that received a Law Day activity award; a Gavel Award-winning newspaper, a television program, or a Web site; and a college or civic organization awarded a mini-grant for a public education project about law). Finally, we can serve as a resource to other groups and individuals engaged in public education about the law in evaluating their own programs’ success and replicability, thereby improving their capacity for gaining recognition. Incentives Provide incentives that lead to the development of programs that foster public understanding of law. _5d456ff5-e610-4bdb-8745-2ad1992b6884 4.a b6b7114d-a5a3-40d6-8028-f0984097bd62 97588e8f-e513-4d19-ac16-4d8fa240567b Recognition Recognize outstanding efforts to foster public understanding of law by individuals and institutions in education, law, media, and the arts. _6e05bbeb-8096-4673-ab3c-f84aff84d77e 4.b 2eefe8b1-41c4-4ca3-a22f-bd37f948f442 9fc7e66d-44bd-4fce-98f0-1893b9e0f0eb Recognition Mechanisms Encourage the organized bar to establish appropriate recognition mechanisms. _f5e6e672-8c0a-460e-b429-7332d4b9d5e2 4.c e3b2b4cf-f703-4b0e-b016-ff311d5529e9 6f361fb6-346f-43f8-acf1-bad48ca61b5f Diversity Include diverse peoples, organizations, and perspectives in the planning and implementation of programs and in the audiences our programs serve. _2076efce-bca8-452e-b104-99a560303b24 5 "The United States is a pluralistic society. As such, we believe it is essential to affirm a commitment to diversity not only as a goal, but also as a value and a set of practices that undergird each and every one of the objectives and tactics designed to attain our organizational goals.Demographic trends, moreover, suggest that we are becoming increasingly diverse. In 1990, nearly 25 percent of Americans were either non-white or Hispanic. The U.S. Census Bureau projects this figure will increase to 47.2 percent -- nearly half of the population -- by the year 2050. Over this time period, for example, the percentages of Hispanics and Asians/Pacific Islanders are projected to nearly triple (from 9.1 percent and 3.0 percent to 24.5 percent and 8.75 percent, respectively). The percentage of blacks (non-Hispanic) will increase from 11.8 percent to 13.6 percent. A broad-based national program committed to public education, such as that of the Division, must address these demographic changes.Over the years, the Division for Public Education has engaged in a number of programs reflecting this commitment to diversity. We developed a multiyear initiative to encourage the involvement of lawyers and educators of color in K-12 law-related education programs. This initiative was developed in close cooperation with state and minority bars and statewide and local law-related education projects. We created a campaign, in partnership with the National Council of LaRaza, to foster awareness of legal issues among Hispanic-Americans in six key markets nationwide using radio and Spanish-English print resources. Recently, we conducted a "National Conversations" project, supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities, that sought to engage Americans from varied racial and ethnic backgrounds in open discussion about law-related issues of pluralism and national identity.To develop effective ways to reach diverse audiences, we first need to identify the perspectives and needs of multiple peoples and organizations and, moreover, seek their involvement from the earliest stages onward as programs are developed. The diverse membership of the ABA Standing Committee on Public Education helps to guide and inform our work. We have also involved diverse organizational partners, consultants, legal professionals, educators, and others in program efforts directed at general or specific audiences.While we have made progress in furthering this goal, we should improve our efforts. For instance, as the legal community itself becomes more representative of the diversity of the general population, we need to seek the support and involvement of more minority and women lawyers in public education programs about law. We can strengthen our ties with minority bars and other membership groups, such as the National Alliance of Black School Educators, the National Conference on Community and Justice, the National Urban League, and the National Council of LaRaza, to involve them in our efforts and seek their assistance in broadening our outreach.Diverse peoples bring a diverse set of experiences, understandings, and perspectives to our dialogue and program development. In this sense, the achievement of this goal can and does fortify our public education programs and extend their outreach. Accordingly, we have adopted an overall strategy that infuses this goal into our program efforts as a whole and considers it a continuing mandate in support of our mission. Needs and Perspectives Identify the perspectives and needs of diverse peoples and organizations. _f6a03e7b-bc53-43a2-b0a0-a34deb1a1cb4 5.a ed40ad73-d172-4490-93d4-15f64e8ec84f 672fb506-b473-49f9-8193-efa498d8a5d4 Planning and Implementation Ensure that diverse peoples and organizations participate in the planning and implementation of public education programs about law. _10dfe1d4-b1fd-41e3-baaf-4c9b199f8ed3 5.b f960bca8-7550-4b96-ac89-83b4ceb61249 5a8fb677-56b7-4e3c-b319-c0db6b0ae2c9 Delivery Systems Develop effective delivery systems for reaching and meeting the needs of diverse audiences. _dd48f522-6873-4e33-8520-9130c5bef27e 5.c 27955169-4694-4aa0-89c0-96d3b0ec58dc 95720824-1b36-4832-9b74-9c4d85be5fcf Partnerships Form partnerships to develop and implement public education programs about law. _bc40d206-a472-49d3-a059-d075a0c48f7c 6 Civic education, which requires an understanding of law and its role in society, is a shared social responsibility. Schools, the bar, the bench, the media, civic organizations, community agencies, and the family are among those key social institutions and groups who share in this responsibility. When such groups work together to advance compatible goals, they create a synergy that reinforces and enhances each other’s efforts.Since the 1970s, the American Bar Association has provided national leadership in fostering partnerships between, and developing networks of, educators, lawyers, judges, and others committed to public education about law and the justice system. For instance, we have supported a national network of law-related education (LRE) programs based at bar associations and other legal/education institutions in every state in the country, have participated in a U.S. Department of Justice funded consortium of five national LRE organizations since 1978, developed the Law and Liberal Arts Faculty Network (composed of more than 5,000 college & university faculty members), have supported a network of thousands of Law Day program planners nationwide, and have maintained a special relationship with the U.S. Supreme Court to publish Preview. In addition, we have worked closely with many ABA sections and other entities on relevant public education programs and resources.Looking ahead to the 21st century, the ABA Division for Public Education should seek to make understanding of law and its role in society an even more integral part of the education citizens receive. Building effective partnerships with influential organizations that seek to achieve the broader goal of improved civic education in schools and communities should be essential to that strategy. Among possible collaborators are such organizations as the Alliance for Justice, the American Library Association, the Close Up Foundation, the Federation of State Humanities Councils, the National Education Association, the National Boys and Girls Clubs of America, commercial mass-market and educational publishers, PBS-affiliated producing stations, and appropriate state and federal agencies. The Division can strengthen law-related civic education components of other organizations’ programs and enhance the presence and visibility of our efforts. This could be accomplished through such means as joint programming with organizational partners, submitting cosponsored project-funding proposals, making presentations and conducting workshops at their conferences, making links to their Web sites, and producing law-related articles for their publications. Subject-matter educational standards and testing of students will also have critical implications for school curriculum in the years ahead. For this reason, the Division must make establishing strong links to state and federal government agencies and initiatives, such as the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP), a priority. The goal is to ensure that the study of law and legal issues is a key component of citizenship standards and is incorporated into relevant testing programs at each grade level.The ABA enjoys a solid reputation as a provider of high quality products and services for civic education in school and community settings. We have joined forces with organizations, groups, and individuals, within and outside the legal community, to achieve similar goals. We must continue to do so. By nurturing and fostering related efforts by organizational partners and collaborators at the national, state, and local levels, we can best leverage our own resources and programs. Collaboration Collaborate with appropriate organizations. _3eadba80-4c5d-4335-a649-19ede4daf89e 6.a 14ff6cbd-a13b-4f81-abd4-8a34b9b7727c b27c43b5-42d9-4557-ac56-b49aa41728c4 Information Dissemination Disseminate information about exemplary partnership models. _ade62af3-408c-4b1b-b10f-eb9694e923c1 6.b 76706d6c-ad5d-4ec4-9db2-770b29bb91db 62b12075-2afa-4b75-90c0-331458ea48de 2010-02-08 http://www.abanet.org/publiced/mission.html Arthur Colman (www.drybridge.com) colman@drybridge.com Submit error.