What Is the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities? About the Center -- The Center conducts research and analysis to help shape public debates over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that policymakers consider the needs of low-income families and individuals in these debates. We also develop policy options to alleviate poverty. In addition, the Center examines the short- and long-term impacts of proposed policies on the health of the economy and the soundness of federal and state budgets. Among the issues we explore are whether federal and state governments are fiscally sound and have sufficient revenue to address critical priorities, both for low-income populations and for the nation as a whole. Over the past 30 years, the Center has gained a reputation for producing materials that are balanced, authoritative, accessible to non-specialists, and responsive to issues facing the country. Our materials are used by policymakers and non-profit organizations across the political spectrum, and by journalists from a wide variety of TV, radio, print, and online outlets. The Evolution of the Center -- The Center was founded in 1981 to analyze federal budget priorities, with particular emphasis on the impact of various budget choices on low-income Americans. Our work has broadened considerably over the years as we have responded to new developments and entered new areas of research. Most notably, the Center initiated extensive work on budget priorities and low-income programs at the state level during the 1990s in response to the devolution of responsibility over many areas of low-income policy from Washington to the states. State work, which we conduct in part through the Center’s State Fiscal Project, now comprises about half of the Center’s activities. We provide information and technical assistance to state non-profit organizations and government officials on issues ranging from state budget priorities and revenue structures to the design and implementation of low-income programs. At the state level, we also collaborate with non-profits — including members of the State Fiscal Analysis Initiative — to build their capacity to conduct sound budget and policy analysis and participate effectively in policy debates. With our assistance, a rising number of these groups are working on fiscal priorities and new directions in alleviating poverty. At the international level, the Center established the International Budget Partnership in 1997 to help civil society organizations in new democracies (such as former Soviet republics) and developing countries conduct budget analysis designed to make these countries’ budget systems more open and more responsive to the needs of society. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities CBPP _042112c6-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is one of the nation’s premier policy organizations working at the federal and state levels on fiscal policy and public programs that affect low- and moderate-income families and individuals. Low-Income Families Low-Income Individuals _042115dc-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a To conduct research and analysis to help shape public debates over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that policymakers consider the needs of low-income families and individuals. _042116cc-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a Fiscal Issues Analyze major federal budget and tax proposals from the standpoint of fiscal responsibility. _0421179e-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 1 The Center analyzes major federal budget and tax proposals from the standpoint of fiscal responsibility, examining their effects on the economy and the federal budget, especially over the long term. Baby-Boom Generation Explore the potential impact of proposals on the long-term fiscal challenges posed by the retirement of the baby-boom generation. _04211866-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 1.1 Baby-Boom Generation For example, we explore the potential impact of these proposals on the long-term fiscal challenges posed by the retirement of the baby-boom generation. 5b056e60-0fbe-4978-b60c-b958e09baaff Income Groups Examine the effects of major tax proposals on households in different income groups. _04211942-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 1.2 Income Groups We also examine the effects of major tax proposals on households in different income groups. f3750c16-99cd-4007-89b3-2d6b0d027373 Budget and Tax Tradeoffs Explore the tradeoffs between competing budget and tax proposals that reflect different priorities. _04211a28-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 1.3 Upper-Income Households Low-Income Households Moderate-Income Households In addition, the Center explores the tradeoffs between competing budget and tax proposals that reflect different priorities, such as tax cuts that primarily benefit upper-income households versus investments in programs aimed at low- and moderate-income households or initiatives that benefit the nation as a whole, such as improving education or protecting the environment. 838964be-d70f-414c-9de2-30cb633b64b5 State Budgets Analyze the effects that federal policy choices can have on state budgets. _04211b04-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 1.4 States Our involvement in fiscal issues is extensive at both the federal and state levels, and it includes analysis of the effects that federal policy choices can have on state budgets. 6109772c-d034-44f0-80fd-2df727e5ec11 Low-Income Programs and Tax Areas Analyze proposed changes in federal and state programs that affect low- and moderate-income families and individuals. _04211bfe-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 2 Low-Income Families Low-Income Individuals Moderate-Income Families Moderate-Income Individuals The Center analyzes proposed changes in federal and state programs that affect low- and moderate-income families and individuals. One issue we consider is how a proposal would affect the federal-state relationship in administering these programs: we seek to enhance state flexibility while retaining federal financial commitments and federal legal protections for program recipients. We also help implement changes in these programs. Program Improvements Design improvements to make these programs more accessible to eligible populations, more effective in helping beneficiaries meet basic needs while moving toward self-sufficiency, and simpler to administer for federal and state governments. _04211cf8-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 2.1 Federal Government State Governments Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (for example, by encouraging efforts to expand health coverage among low-income working families). Food Stamp Program Food stamps (for example, by designing and promoting state options to simplify and streamline food stamp procedures and thereby boost participation among working-poor families). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (for example, by helping states design programs that can help TANF recipients succeed in the workplace and increase their earnings). Supplemental Security Income Program Supplemental Security Income (for example, by promoting policies that increase the fairness and accuracy of the disability determination process). WIC and Child Nutrition Programs WIC and child nutrition (for example, by helping states contain WIC costs by negotiating advantageous contracts with infant formula manufacturers). Low-Income Housing Programs Low-income housing programs (for example, by designing improvements to help families with housing assistance use it to move to areas with better job opportunities). Low-Income Tax Credits Program Low-income tax credits (for example, by developing proposals to improve the operation of the Earned Income Tax Credit and the refundable portion of the Child Tax Credit and by helping states create or expand state EITCs). In addition, the Center designs improvements to make these programs more accessible to eligible populations, more effective in helping beneficiaries meet basic needs while moving toward self-sufficiency, and simpler to administer for federal and state governments. 1148a18e-14cc-4954-bb1c-35a3fb7bb291 Means-Tested Programs Improve the access of low-income legal immigrants to means-tested programs. _04211dfc-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 2.2 Means-Tested Programs Low-Income Legal Immigrants The Center’s work on means-tested programs includes our efforts to improve the access of low-income legal immigrants to these programs, both by expanding eligibility and by removing barriers that prevent already-eligible immigrants from obtaining benefits. 9dc3dfb1-2079-4ab9-97e2-fca78e157c08 Immigrant Issues [Serve] as a source of analysis and innovative policy options on immigrant issues. _04211f28-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 2.3 Organizations that Work on Immigrant Issues Immigrants Federal Policymakers State Policymakers The Center is tapped as a source of analysis and innovative policy options by a variety of organizations that work on immigrant issues, as well as by federal and state policymakers. d42ec9a5-3608-4b1d-8a4b-946bc83f7ec1 Structural Reforms Design and promote reforms in the benefit structure of programs _04212194-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 2.4 Individuals with Disabilities Supplemental Security Income Program TANF Program Social Security Program In addition, the Center is expanding its activities to design and promote reforms in the benefit structure of programs — particularly Supplemental Security Income, TANF, and Social Security — to encourage disabled individuals to return to work. 3695cec1-f014-489a-a7bf-46b6837149e7 Outreach Campaigns Operate outreach campaigns to help working poor families receive key benefits for which they are eligible. _042122e8-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 3 Working Poor Families Earned Income Tax Credit Program Child Tax Credit Program Medicaid Program State Child Health Insurance Programs Programs designed to reduce poverty among working poor families are less effective if eligible families and individuals do not know the benefits exist or how to apply for them. Accordingly, the Center operates two outreach campaigns to help working poor families receive two key benefits for which they are eligible: low-income tax credits (specifically, the Earned Income Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit) and children’s health insurance through Medicaid or other state child health insurance programs. EITC [Conduct] the EITC outreach campaign. _0421243c-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 3.1 Government Agencies Non-Profit Organizations Governors Mayors State Agencies Local Agencies Religious Organizations Utility Companies Businesses Labor Unions Day Care Centers Community Development Corporations More than 6,000 non-profit organizations and government agencies across the country participate in the Center’s EITC outreach campaign, the nation’s largest sustained private sector campaign to promote a public benefit. Participants include governors, mayors, state and local agencies, United Ways, religious organizations, utility companies and other businesses, labor unions, day care centers, and community development corporations. 0fdceea9-582e-48e3-add3-57aaa100fa12 Start Healthy, Stay Healthy Campaign Enlists a wide array of organizations to identify uninsured children from working families who may be eligible for free or low-cost health insurance programs and to help enroll them. _0421259a-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 3.2 Uninsured Children Working Families Health Insurance Programs Community-Based Organizations Health Services Providers Human Services Providers Advocacy Groups Program Administrators The Start Healthy, Stay Healthy campaign enlists a wide array of community-based organizations, health and human services providers, advocacy groups, program administrators, and others to identify uninsured children from working families who may be eligible for free or low-cost health insurance programs and to help enroll them. The campaign also designs and promotes policy improvements to make children’s health insurance programs more accessible to eligible families. 56935823-c349-4d2a-8bf2-574b9a91a51d Social Insurance Programs and Pensions _04212716-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 4 Social Insurance Programs Pension Programs Social Security Reforms Evaluate Social Security reform proposals. _042128b0-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 4.1 Low-Income Beneficiaries Minority Beneficiaries Social Security Program The Center evaluates Social Security reform proposals, examining their implications for the program’s basic social insurance character and long-term solvency, as well as their effects on the federal budget. (Several prominent reform proposals would require the transfer of large amounts of general revenue to Social Security.) We also examine ways to ensure long-term solvency that also strengthen rather than weaken Social Security for low-income and minority beneficiaries. 0356f696-9885-4a36-82c4-d954803de071 Unemployment Benefits Programs Analyze the adequacy of unemployment benefits programs in helping low-income workers meet basic needs during temporary spells of unemployment. _04212a4a-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 4.2 Unemployment Benefits Programs Low-Income Workers Our work on the unemployment insurance system includes analyzing the adequacy of unemployment benefits programs in helping low-income workers meet basic needs during temporary spells of unemployment. We also design improvements to those programs. This work intensifies during economic downturns. 2c41cb93-096e-451f-bd52-2208a3acaf04 Pension Reform Evaluate pension reform proposals to determine their likely effect on pension coverage for low-income households. _04212c5c-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 4.3 Brookings Institution Low-Income Households In collaboration with the Brookings Institution, we evaluate pension reform proposals to determine their likely effect on pension coverage for low-income households. Also, to help low-income families make high-return investments such as homeownership or a college education and to prepare for retirement, we promote asset building among these families. This work includes promoting policy improvements targeted to families who build modest assets through Individual Development Accounts or retirement accounts such as 401(k)s. 0f397a07-314e-4d90-a87a-579aab0d581a Poverty and Income Trends Analyze trends in poverty and income at both the national and state levels. _04212e28-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 5 The Center analyzes trends in poverty and income at both the national and state levels, including trends in income disparities. For example, we publish periodic reports that provide state-by-state data on income disparities and state tax burdens on poor households. We also examine the effectiveness of safety-net programs in reducing poverty. _04212fea-5a56-11e1-8594-76387a64ea2a 045a797a-6a31-42a6-a6e2-779691084de6 2012-02-18 http://www.cbpp.org/about/ Owen Ambur Owen.Ambur@verizon.net Submit error.