Strategic Plan of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation 2010-2015 ... the NAAEC emphasizes a collaborative approach to environmental protection that integrates ecological, economic and social factors affecting the North American environment, promotes environmental cooperation in the region and supports the effective enforcement of environmental law. The NAAEC recognizes the interrelationship between a sustainable environment and a sustainable economy and fosters both. In addition to reinforcing the national obligations of each country to protect its own environment, the Parties established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) through the NAAEC to facilitate effective cooperation on the conservation, protection, and enhancement of the North American environment. Through the unique partnership created by the NAAEC, the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States and North American civil society work together to pursue what none of the three countries could achieve on its own. In North America, more than 425 million people share a rich environmental heritage ranging from tropical rain forests to arctic tundra and including deserts and wetlands, oceans and rivers, prairies and mountains. Together, these natural resources form a complex network of ecosystems that support a unique biodiversity as well as sustain our well-being and livelihoods. Although the three countries in North America have had a rich history of bilateral cooperation on the environment, the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) facilitated collaboration at the trilateral level. The NAAEC came into force at the same time as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Together, the environmental provisions of both agreements mark the determination of our three countries that economic growth and liberalization of trade would not displace ongoing cooperation and continuous improvement in the environmental performance of each country Commission for Environmental Cooperation CEC _7bd56d30-575f-440e-ac01-24e9f459bf19 The CEC budget is US$9 million a year, contributed equally by the three Parties. The Parties make additional contributions to the CEC through an extensive commitment of staff, time and expertise, under the various activities identified in the CEC Operational Plan. The Parties are committed to ensuring that all CEC bodies work on the principles of, transparency and accountability. CEC Parties the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States Government of Canada Government of Mexico Government of the United States North American Civil Society CEC Council the Council, the governing body of the Commission, is composed of cabinet-level environment officials or their designees. The Council's mandate includes overseeing the implementation of the NAAEC, establishing the CEC's overall direction, approving its budget, reviewing its progress and its projects against their objectives; and overseeing the Secretariat Leona Aglukkaq Council Member - Canada Juan José Guerra Council Member - Mexico Gina McCarthy Council Member - United States CEC Secretariat the Secretariat provides administrative, technical and operational support to the Council, its committees and working groups, and other support as the Council may direct. It also has special responsibilities in the Submissions on Enforcement Matters (SEM) Process and the preparation of reports under Article 13 CEC JPAC the Joint Public Advisory Committee (JPAC), composed of fifteen citizens (five from each country), advises the Council on any matter within the scope of the NAAEC and can serve as a source of information for the Secretariat. The JPAC ensures active public participation and transparency in all NAAEC activities. CEC Committees & Working Groups Committees and working groups established by Council contribute significantly to the cooperative program under the CEC. Government Officials The Council will continue to receive advice from government officials, any Council established groups or committees and others to advance the priorities described in this Strategic Plan. Irasema Coronado CEC Executive Director -- Irasema Coronado was appointed Executive Director of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), effective 1 December 2012. Irasema Coronado, PhD, was a professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Texas at El Paso, and was also an affiliated faculty member in the Environmental Science and Engineering PhD program. At the university, she served as an associate provost (2008-2012), associate dean of the College of Liberal Arts (2006-2008), chair of the Political Science Department (2005-2006), and assistant professor of the Center for Inter-American and Border Studies (1999-2003). Dr. Coronado was also a Fulbright Scholar at the Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez in Mexico (2004-2005), and a faculty member at the University of the Incarnate Word in San Antonio, Texas (1995-1999). Dr. Coronado has held other academic and visiting scholar positions at the University of Texas at San Antonio (1998-1999), the University of Arizona (1997 and 2001), El Colegio de la Frontera Norte in Sonora, Mexico (1992-1995), and Cochise College (1991). Dr. Coronado is currently a member of the boards of Frontera Women's Foundation, the Coalition Against Violence Toward Women and Children on the Border, FEMAP (Mexican Federation of Private Associations), and the Paso Del Norte Health Foundation. Dr. Coronado holds a BA from the University of South Florida and an MA and PhD from the University of Arizona. Hispanic Business Magazine named her one of top 100 influential hispanics in the United States in October of 2010. f45c5e0f-e09a-4d7f-92ae-c47ed33fac55 To facilitate cooperation and public participation to foster conservation, protection and enhancement of the North American environment for the benefit of present and future generations, in the context of increasing economic, trade and social links among Canada, Mexico and the United States. _3194f708-6f67-454b-959b-c913a6fae198 Consensus The CEC Council operates on the basis of consensus, with the exception of specific instances where majority votes are called for, such as in connection with citizen submissions or Article 13 reports. Healthy Communities Achieving and maintaining healthy communities and ecosystems requires sustained and coordinated commitment as well as planning and managing programs that will ensure their protection. Healthy Ecosystems Commitment Coordination Planning Management Collaboration We will continue strengthening our collaboration on tracking pollutant releases and transfers in North America, including the analysis of data through the CEC's publication Taking Stock. Risk Reduction We will continue working together to reduce risks of exposure to toxic chemicals to the public and the environment. Law Enforcement Similarly, strengthening the development and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations also serves to promote healthy communities and ecosystems. Thus, the strategic objectives identified below related to addressing chemical risks and collaboration on enforcement matters are also considered as supporting the previous strategic objectives. Community Participation Cleaner production activities could supplement traditional command-and-control regulation by emphasizing community participation, voluntary partnerships, technological innovation, and market-based approaches, as appropriate. Voluntary Partnerships Technological Innovation Market-Based Approaches Industrial Competitiveness The Parties anticipate simultaneously enhancing industrial competitiveness and decreasing environmental impact by increasing the use of less polluting and more efficient technologies, reducing resource consumption and waste, and preventing the generation of contaminants. Balanced Information The Parties recognize that balanced, policy-neutral information is required for environmental sustainability. Environmental Sustainability Environmental Performance Metrics The Parties intend to focus efforts on gathering and sharing information on how to develop environmental performance metrics in an effort to better understand our shared North American environment. Information Exchange The Parties could also consider information exchange on expanding the use of market forces as drivers to achieve environmental improvements and promotion of environmental best practices in key industries where environmental performance and North American competitiveness are mutually beneficial. The Parties could also continue to document, analyze, and attempt to understand the environmental effects of trade liberalization in North America. Market Forces Communities & Ecosystems Healthy Communities and Ecosystems f2f9b3f1-9bbd-4731-a0d1-6873e1c979d1 1 Canada, Mexico and the United States recognize that our wellbeing in North America—both environmental and economic—is grounded in healthy communities and ecosystems. Therefore, the Parties commit to build on and renew collaborative efforts within the CEC to protect, sustain and restore the health of people, communities and ecosystems using integrated and comprehensive approaches and partnerships. Environmental Health Improved environmental health of vulnerable communities in North America 51ac75df-d8ea-4cae-9c10-d57372c18a9c 1.1 Vulnerable Communities Protecting and improving the environmental health of our citizens, particularly children and those in vulnerable communities, is a priority for all three Parties. To this end, we will identify opportunities to work through the CEC to advance existing commitments to support children's environmental health and to build capacity among our indigenous peoples for the protection of the environment and the health of their communities. Recognizing that climate change could disproportionately affect some communities, the Parties also intend to strengthen existing initiatives—or create new mechanisms where needed and as appropriate—to enable community-based adaptations that could enhance resilience to impacts from climate change that affect both physical and social environments. c845d1ef-780e-4480-be05-b5043e0de82c Ecosystem Reslience Increased resilience of shared ecosystems at risk d2aa0faf-8f53-4c09-876e-e2678a05c441 1.2 The Parties intend to develop trilateral capacity to implement an ecosystem approach to conservation and sustainable use and monitor relevant outcomes in our shared ecosystems. The Parties also agree that attention should be given to both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. The three Parties recognize their successful work through the CEC in supporting biodiversity conservation and sustainable use and could build on previous investments. Therefore, building on national and global activities that are already underway to develop this capacity, the Parties could focus collaborative efforts in the following areas: 6aa4dc13-1efb-481a-9a8c-c94caee811fc Landscapes, Seascapes & Watersheds Build collaboration among multiple agencies and partners for improved management of transboundary landscapes, seascapes and watersheds. 63ff64cc-3e2e-4698-88d9-8666d1b00140 1.2.1 Efforts would include assessing resources, quantifying impacts, identifying thresholds, and supporting informed decision-making on a range of issues of common concern, such as sustainable management of watersheds to maximize benefits to human communities and wildlife, protecting species of common conservation concern, promote recreation, wildlife habitat, and ecosystem health, and limit the introduction of invasive species. c25af5ff-b623-4d0b-8ddd-06affcf0e8aa Species & Spaces Continue to build on the list of key species and spaces of common conservation concern and implement conservation and management initiatives in our shared ecosystems 0d124664-7691-46ec-b642-f68a039bbac6 1.2.2 fd33acb7-90f1-45ab-86cd-c5a39b4bc66f Biodiversity & Sustainability Increase community-level awareness, engagement and capacity in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, through the establishment of networks with relevant actors from government, the private sector, and civil society 9531b814-94b9-4421-966c-26f1ebb87761 1.2.3 Communities By engaging communities in this collaborative work, over the next five years, the Parties expect to expand the number of North American communities acting as partners in conservation efforts. Government The Private Sector Civil Society 6811fbf3-39c9-47f7-a8ac-495b891ab4dc Monitoring Build upon existing monitoring systems to assess the results of conservation and protection initiatives in our shared ecosystems 5b48d74c-7e38-4a47-943a-70a21d03334a 1.2.4 072063d0-de01-4aee-92bb-2886c5d6cc69 Chemical Management Enhanced regional approach to sound management of chemicals 0010f31e-371e-4f53-9467-72d12d554dfc 1.3 Addressing risks posed by chemicals to human health and the environment is an important element of healthy communities and ecosystems. Recognizing and building on progress made to date for a North American approach to chemicals management, the Parties could refocus and streamline efforts to deliver stronger North American results in three interrelated core areas of work: a8f29dbc-60d0-48de-856b-8f1f0ae2a6b9 Identification & Tracking Establishing compatible approaches for identifying and tracking chemicals in commerce in North America, as a priority to establish compatible chemicals inventories in support of more coordinated and effective risk management of substances of mutual concern 81f348dc-59a1-4d9d-b073-c0b0dcf519f8 1.3.1 fe2f8943-0976-4854-8b73-0e0e4a7b5764 Risk Reduction Implementing risk reduction strategies to reduce the exposure of North Americans and their environments to chemicals of mutual concern dee409ce-3c1b-456b-a69d-a91483205981 1.3.2 f2b7b5fe-ce08-4c97-9e10-5448f7a6108e Monitoring Using a regional monitoring approach for health and environment to support risk reduction strategies, including identification of priorities, assurance of comparable data and monitoring for results. 2b820ab7-ee5d-4267-972b-27adc02ebdd8 1.3.3 c4d15eaa-af30-4c40-995d-3fa3e313301e Law Enforcement Strengthening Regional Environmental and Wildlife Law Enforcement. fe6c9cd3-489d-4c1d-97d3-11d776f08f96 1.4 Enforcement is another critical component of ensuring healthy communities and ecosystems. Enforcement agencies of the three Parties intend to collaborate in a manner that should result in fewer projects and greater environmental benefits in the areas of targeted vulnerable species, wildlife parts and derivatives, non-compliant motorcycle engine imports, and the import and export of electronic waste, hazardous waste and ozone-depleting substances. These collaborative enforcement efforts could integrate (1) training relevant officials, (2) enhancing processes for information and intelligence sharing, and (3) developing technology to improve our ability to detect, intercept, and deter illegal trade in North America. The projects developed from these collaborative efforts should enhance enforcement across North America while furthering our respective domestic enforcement priorities. aac53bda-e016-45df-b0b3-f14b2b7774b7 Climate Change Low-Carbon Economy bed75e4e-4128-4da9-b067-fcdc150e3db3 2 Canada, Mexico and the United States recognize that incremental trilateral collaboration, consistent with our respective circumstances and capacities, brings added value to our respective efforts to address climate change and transition to a low-carbon economy. Therefore, the Parties could undertake a set of key initiatives to work towards aligning our domestic standards, regulations, and policies over the next five years (2010- 2015) to support this transition in a way that is consistent with our respective national plans and priorities. Specifically, two strategic objectives have been identified: Emissions Improved comparability of emissions data, methodologies and inventories among the three North American partners 6c3489be-a228-4286-aff2-e4b1b105bd25 2.1 CEC Parties Undertaking such initiatives could lead to strategic results for the Parties, including: * The key building blocks being in place to allow a more integrated approach for the three countries to address climate change and enable a low-carbon economy, including; * sufficient capacity, infrastructure, and systems for supporting methodologies; and * improved capacity to make comparisons among the three countries. With a view towards providing policy-neutral options for improving comparability on the key foundational elements required to transition towards a low-carbon economy, the Parties agree to initially focus on the following initiatives, bearing in mind individual country priorities and international negotiations: 0d6d098f-b430-46c5-aad1-9bb75b702bed Comparability Continued cooperation to improve comparability of GHG emissions data to enable the Parties to share results and strengthen capacities in the collection and management of data and methodologies for the Parties 6fe652ec-1c5a-4023-bcac-f9e4667ea2cb 2.1.1 27129283-9e03-4db8-9c23-3f8b31481f6d Data Analysis An analytical assessment of data collected across the three parties, using the 2009 CEC Comprehensive Assessment of North American Air Emissions Inventories and Ambient Air Monitoring Networks assessment as a basis, and the identification of options for addressing any gaps and inconsistencies 2c3555d5-79e4-4060-b996-7842a4a10328 2.1.2 433b5722-26a1-4486-befb-282ae4ebe18b Black Carbon Data Exploration of potential common methodologies for gathering and analyzing black carbon data. d3a5ac57-6007-458c-ac32-5d060c78a0ad 2.1.3 e91a5593-5945-4dc3-8cd6-004a576d6e6f Expertise & Information Engagement of experts and strengthened information sharing in climate change and low-carbon economy cb350869-1845-4d0c-9642-7b67e3b81b2a 2.2 Climate Change Experts Climate Change Groups Other groups would also benefit from these initiatives. For example, for other levels of government and civil society, these initiatives would enhance the ability of the public to access relevant information and enable citizens, communities and organizations to take their own actions to transition to a low-carbon economy. Citizens Communities Organizations CEC Parties In support of both Strategic objectives, the Parties could collectively undertake value-added focused projects that deliver GHG reductions and ancillary benefits to North America, from the hemispheric to the local level. In line with project selection criteria, the projects would be selected so as to complement, and not duplicate other bilateral and trilateral initiatives. The Parties could facilitate engagement of experts and information sharing to address climate change and low-carbon economy issues, taking steps to identify partnerships that could contribute to additional progress. Further, the Parties could coordinate with other experts and leverage other networks outside the government. To facilitate a broad and readily accessible mechanism for the sharing and dissemination of information among North American experts, the Parties could establish an online information-sharing platform focused on science, technologies, policies, and best practices. The system would complement existing North American and international mechanisms for sharing climate change-related information, drawing from those already provided by the three Parties to the UNFCCC, as well as experiences and lessons learned at other levels of government, as well as by academia and civil society. Initiatives under this strategic objective could lead to strategic results for the Parties, such as: ef058b6a-c4d3-443d-93c4-f6f523178ea0 Decision-Making Mechanisms to inform decision-making by gaining expert input on climate change and the transition to a low-carbon economy f8af5422-39e6-4a96-b582-d23012c68fe1 2.2.1 5d07d934-2c1c-4b5b-af2a-33710a431a3a Projects An improved ability to accelerate the delivery of trilateral projects and to inform decisions on future projects. d7c0326f-e6ff-4fbc-906f-749dd8da580d 2.2.2 f4f4cfc0-915b-44cc-bed8-6774bb4da9d0 Economic Greening Greening the Economy in North America c39eb25a-0ddb-4bf8-921a-f0a09e621414 3 Canada, Mexico and the United States intend to focus our cooperative work through the CEC on taking positive steps towards building a North American economy that minimizes the potential negative environmental impacts of economic growth, while enhancing the competitiveness of key industrial sectors in North America. Private Sector Improved private sector environmental performance in North America b5d2d60f-ba7d-43b7-ac2d-71269da828fe 3.1 Private Sector SMEs Greening Experts Engaging experts and strengthening information and data-sharing to assess and promote private sector environmental performance in North America supports the Strategic Objective. CEC Parties The Parties could focus on opportunities that receive high-level, private-sector buy-in, serve as models for other enterprises, mobilize additional resources, and establish long-lasting partnerships between North American organizations to share best practices and enable supply-chain linkages. The Parties intend to focus initially on improving the environmental performance capacity of small and medium-size enterprises by conducting activities that engage key industrial sectors and/or supply chains in activities that improve their environmental performance. The Parties recognize that successfully achieving this objective requires the active involvement of private industry in promoting the adoption of cleaner production practices and technologies, and therefore could carefully consider how to replicate successful private-sector environmental performance improvement initiatives previously conducted in the North American region... dd1cd583-8f3c-44bc-ad00-4c9c097814cb Buildings improving environmental performance of buildings in North America, including sharing best practices on sustainable building design and benchmarking of efficiency standards to align national approaches 9c486f55-e9ae-42f6-a0e4-46e0fc838628 3.1.1 dd04fca0-6835-4e07-89e9-23eedc05f650 Electronics & E-waste strengthening enforcement and addressing gaps in our common knowledge on the movement of used electronics and E-waste, including the development of comparable data sets to support the mapping of legal and illegal movements of these products c9eaf3c0-4720-4931-9e56-2a630c8a5116 3.1.2 ec1afc82-7bc6-4ad9-8ea1-edfa20f5b3cb Automotive Manufacturing building on our successes in the automotive manufacturing sector, through continued efforts to green critical components of supply chains across the continent and support the ongoing recovery of this important sector. b686da81-aed9-4662-8199-515f250906f4 3.1.3 Automotive Manufacturing Sector eb8c1130-ea90-4fee-9e82-26b464b1830f Evaluation Evaluating progress 1d9366a3-0bda-4163-8a0b-253687302def 4 The Council has committed to renew, revitalize and refocus the CEC to better serve the environment and citizens of our countries. A fundamental part of this commitment is the establishment of clear performance goals to assess progress in the implementation of this Strategic Plan. Performance goals will be based on the strategic objectives adopted in this Plan and on an appropriately related system of measures or indicators to be in place for Operational Plan 2011. The Parties recognize that indicators serve the purpose of recording and sharing evidence of progress made through the cooperative activities, of the changes or improvements in institutional capacity, and on the success of the environmental protection that result from these activities, under the CEC. Indicators also serve to: Operations, Workload & Resources Monitor and manage program operations, workload and resources 093763c2-6676-46db-9406-fada02030efe 4.1 e8b29c95-88cd-49e9-881a-d4a310588ed1 Investments Link investment to substantive results and assess program performance 8d89949e-6a25-4431-b228-484837436771 4.2 7b313952-5826-4f6d-8368-46899c5cc51e Accountability & Reporting Enhance accountability and report successes. a7c16021-81ee-44a5-8e02-9d86b70c1bd7 4.3 For the activities related to the priorities described therein a performance measurement framework would be developed that would utilize output and outcome measures. Outputs are activities, products and services produced by the organization or projects. Outcomes are the results of outputs and are generally divided into two categories: intermediate and final outcome. Intermediate outcomes measure progress towards a final outcome. Final outcome measures the final result that the program is designed to achieve. A framework will be developed into a system that will provide a key management tool for examining and proving the effectiveness of CEC programs. Such a framework would also contribute to strengthening the relevance and transparency of the organization pursuant to the Council's mandate. A framework would also incorporate measurable targets for each of this Plan's strategic objectives. Furthermore, the Parties have developed criteria for the selection of projects (see Appendix 4). 720eb207-eb1a-4f2a-bc17-bff7e2a5ae72 Citizen Submissions Allow any person or nongovernmental organization residing or established in North America to make submissions asserting that a Party [to the NAAEC] is failing to effectively enforce its environmental law. 1145f09c-7e37-499e-a373-8c8fe38b0876 5 Citizens of Canada Citizens of Mexico Citizens of the United States The NAAEC Articles 14 and 15 provide procedures allowing any person or nongovernmental organization residing or established in North America to make submissions to the CEC Secretariat asserting "that a Party [to the NAAEC] is failing to effectively enforce its environmental law" (the citizen submission process). Should a submission meet admissibility criteria the CEC Secretariat then decides whether to request a response to the assertions from the concerned Party. In light of both a submission and Party response, the Secretariat may recommend to Council the preparation of a factual record. Council can instruct the Secretariat to proceed with its preparation by a two-thirds vote. Through a unique non-adversarial fact finding process, the citizen submission process can contribute in important ways to furthering NAAEC objectives. The process seeks to ensure transparency, promote a better understanding and foster public discourse that contribute to enhancing compliance with and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies. The CEC will continue to process citizen submissions in an objective, rigorous and transparent manner, with a view to ensuring timeliness and efficiency. Council has directed the CEC Secretariat to work on modernizing the citizen submission process to ensure its continued success. a615df2f-b274-4033-8f8f-0e71bbf5b403 229cc9a0-6800-4d77-803a-5cfbf2f63560 Public Participation Ensure active public participation. 72bd5e6f-ee42-4eda-8ee8-1a2645015767 6 CEC JPAC The Joint Public Advisory Committee will continue to lead the work of the CEC in ensuring active public participation, by providing transparent, open, and substantive forums for public dialogue among citizens concerned with trade and environment issues in North America, and in communicating the results of such dialogue and any subsequent JPAC recommendations to the CEC Council. The Public Public participation plays a key role in the activities of the CEC and the JPAC bears the responsibility of ensuring the engagement of various and diverse stakeholders in North America and to ensure they have access to factual, unbiased, and meaningful information on environmental issues of concern. ca839ef0-8fbe-49c2-8195-571b30b99735 1408c4b5-c70e-4c2e-9fe4-e64057e797bd 2010-01-01 2015-12-31 2013-09-07 Owen Ambur Submit error.