Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy, OECD Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy, OECD CICCP _70b03453-f7af-4805-8e7d-1ae719376635 b4d04e28-0013-4df3-ba8a-89e9ea441854 To increase returns on public investments in public sector information and increase economic and social benefits from better access and wider use and re-use, and to promote more efficient distribution of information and content as well as the development of new information products and services _e6035f1f-c2b2-4699-9679-a2f3d1a8b50d Public Sector Information Implement the following [objectives], which [constitute a strategic plan] for the wider and more effective use of public sector information and content and the generation of new uses from it. _4f2943ca-b454-420c-951b-12a80941dd85 OECD Recommendation of the Council for Enhanced Access and More Effective Use of Public Sector Information THE COUNCIL Having regard to Article 5 b) of the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development of 14 December 1960; Having regard to the Recommendation of the Council concerning Access to Research Data from Public Funding [C(2006)184] and the Recommendation of the Council on Broadband Development [C(2003)259]; Having regard to Article 5 b) of the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development of 14 December 1960; Having regard to the Recommendation of the Council concerning Access to Research Data from Public Funding [C(2006)184] and the Recommendation of the Council on Broadband Development [C(2003)259]; Having regard to the aim to increase returns on public investments in public sector information1 and increase economic and social benefits from better access and wider use and re-use, in particular through more efficient distribution, enhanced innovation and development of new uses; Having regard to the aim to promote more efficient distribution of information and content as well as the development of new information products and services particularly through market-based competition among re-users of information; Considering the usefulness of collectively agreed principles for enhanced access and more effective use and re-use of public sector information for both the public and the private sector; Recognising that efforts to improve the access and use of public sector information need to take into account legal requirements and restrictions, including intellectual property rights and trade secrets, effective and secure management of personal information, confidentiality and national security concerns, and fundamental principles including democracy, human rights and freedom of information and that, consequently, certain principles contained in this Recommendation regarding in particular openness and re-use, can be applied to a different extent to different categories of public sector information; to the aim to increase returns on public investments in public sector information1 and increase economic and social benefits from better access and wider use and re-use, in particular through more efficient distribution, enhanced innovation and development of new uses; Having regard to the aim to promote more efficient distribution of information and content as well as the development of new information products and services particularly through market-based competition among re-users of information; Considering the usefulness of collectively agreed principles for enhanced access and more effective use and re-use of public sector information for both the public and the private sector; Recognising that efforts to improve the access and use of public sector information need to take into account legal requirements and restrictions, including intellectual property rights and trade secrets, effective and secure management of personal information, confidentiality and national security concerns, and fundamental principles including democracy, human rights and freedom of information and that, consequently, certain principles contained in this Recommendation regarding in particular openness and re-use, can be applied to a different extent to different categories of public sector information;  On the proposal of the Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy; RECOMMENDS that, in establishing or reviewing their policies regarding access and use of public sector information, Member countries take due account of and implement the following principles, which provide a general framework for the wider and more effective use of public sector information and content and the generation of new uses from it: RECOMMENDS that, in establishing or reviewing their policies regarding access and use of public sector information, Member countries take due account of and implement the following principles, which provide a general framework for the wider and more effective use of public sector information and content and the generation of new uses from it ... Openness Maximise the availability of public sector information for use and re-use _3a44e8b0-5ea8-41e9-94f6-ffceee8fc8ca 1 Maximising the availability of public sector information for use and re-use based upon presumption of openness as the default rule to facilitate access and re-use. Developing a regime of access principles or assuming openness in public sector information as a default rule wherever possible no matter what the model of funding is for the development and maintenance of the information. Defining grounds of refusal or limitations, such as for protection of national security interests, personal privacy, preservation of private interests for example where protected by copyright, or the application of national access legislation and rules. Maximising the availability of public sector information for use and re-use based upon presumption of openness as the default rule to facilitate access and re-use. Developing a regime of access principles or assuming openness in public sector information as a default rule wherever possible no matter what the model of funding is for the development and maintenance of the information. Defining grounds of refusal or limitations, such as for protection of national security interests, personal privacy, preservation of private interests for example where protected by copyright, or the application of national access legislation and rules. d1d570d1-fffa-4c2a-8666-b4cd21b42467 8b00834b-799c-459a-a553-7cc8606bb23c Access and transparent conditions for re-use [Enable] broad non-discriminatory competitive access and conditions for re-use of public sector information _df62d175-cb94-454d-ba2e-26a07ecb446a 2 Encouraging broad non-discriminatory competitive access and conditions for re-use of public sector information, eliminating exclusive arrangements, and removing unnecessary restrictions on the ways in which it can be accessed, used, re-used, combined or shared, so that in principle all accessible information would be open to re-use by all. Improving access to information over the Internet and in electronic form. Making available and developing automated on-line licensing systems covering re-use in those cases where licensing is applied, taking into account the copyright principle below. Encouraging broad non-discriminatory competitive access and conditions for re-use of public sector information, eliminating exclusive arrangements, and removing unnecessary restrictions on the ways in which it can be accessed, used, re-used, combined or shared, so that in principle all accessible information would be open to re-use by all. Improving access to information over the Internet and in electronic form. Making available and developing automated on-line licensing systems covering re-use in those cases where licensing is applied, taking into account the copyright principle below. d810e0a4-9c31-4271-9547-d7bf460a59f6 ffb8bd32-9b15-4d22-b0a6-1c5f06e67d7e Asset Lists Strengthen awareness of what public sector information is available for access and re-use _23b084ca-508d-4253-a8c1-5d06f5c8f611 3 Strengthening awareness of what public sector information is available for access and re-use. This could take the form of information asset lists and inventories, preferably published on-line, as well as clear presentation of conditions to access and re-use at access points to the information. Strengthening awareness of what public sector information is available for access and re-use. This could take the form of information asset lists and inventories, preferably published on-line, as well as clear presentation of conditions to access and re-use at access points to the information. a5c00de5-1fba-42f9-86ce-01f3086693a0 baf8fa4b-acf2-40e1-adc1-89b50b638b4c Quality Ensure methodical data collection and curation practices to enhance quality and reliability _6d1d2390-29e2-42a6-bbac-7a440a3b5e8a 4 Ensuring methodical data collection and curation practices to enhance quality and reliability including through cooperation of various government bodies involved in the creation, collection, processing, storing and distribution of public sector information. Ensuring methodical data collection and curation practices to enhance quality and reliability including through cooperation of various government bodies involved in the creation, collection, processing, storing and distribution of public sector information. ac92154c-f5b0-4a22-869d-b1a47baf4db0 4e95a78f-1373-4b66-9bc2-32a80e3d8daf Integrity Maximise the integrity and availability of information through the use of best practices in information management _e90cc230-ca74-40cf-9842-d68497c6b8ed 5 Maximising the integrity and availability of information through the use of best practices in information management. Developing and implementing appropriate safeguards to protect information from unauthorised modification or from intentional or unintentional denial of authorised access to information. Maximising the integrity and availability of information through the use of best practices in information management. Developing and implementing appropriate safeguards to protect information from unauthorised modification or from intentional or unintentional denial of authorised access to information. fc8649ee-748b-4fd8-a16b-0e7be28b49ae 84e708f6-edbe-4aa6-b9f8-654bad644b9a New technologies and long-term preservation Improve interoperable archiving, search and retrieval technologies and related research _320aacf6-39b8-4e02-a84d-2b272ff91479 6 Improving interoperable archiving, search and retrieval technologies and related research including research on improving access and availability of public sector information in multiple languages, and ensuring development of the necessary related skills. Addressing technological obsolescence and challenges of long term preservation and access. Finding new ways for the digitisation of existing Improving interoperable archiving, search and retrieval technologies and related research including research on improving access and availability of public sector information in multiple languages, and ensuring development of the necessary related skills. Addressing technological obsolescence and challenges of long term preservation and access. Finding new ways for the digitisation of existing public sector information and content, the development of born-digital public sector information products and data, and the implementation of cultural digitisation projects (public broadcasters, digital libraries, museums, etc.) where market mechanisms do not foster effective digitisation. 8f23583c-1b32-47e3-af61-e7bfdaaf8ed3 5db5fa5d-c56a-4176-b65a-0484ee7032ef Copyrights Respect intellectual property rights _e54fe4cb-562c-4ff5-9c50-d2eefa2767c9 7 Intellectual property rights should be respected. There is a wide range of ways to deal with copyrights on public sector information, ranging from governments or private entities holding copyrights, to public sector information being copyright-free. Exercising copyright in ways that facilitate re-use (including waiving copyright and creating mechanisms that facilitate waiving of copyright where copyright owners are willing and able to do so, and developing mechanisms to deal with orphan works), and where copyright holders are in agreement, developing simple mechanisms to encourage wider access and use (including simple and effective licensing arrangements), and encouraging institutions and government agencies that fund works from outside sources to find ways to make these works widely accessible to the public. Intellectual property rights should be respected. There is a wide range of ways to deal with copyrights on public sector information, ranging from governments or private entities holding copyrights, to public sector information being copyright-free. Exercising copyright in ways that facilitate re-use (including waiving copyright and creating mechanisms that facilitate waiving of copyright where copyright owners are willing and able to do so, and developing mechanisms to deal with orphan works), and where copyright holders are in agreement, developing simple mechanisms to encourage wider access and use (including simple and effective licensing arrangements), and encouraging institutions and government agencies that fund works from outside sources to find ways to make these works widely accessible to the public. 3ca88a78-e17c-4388-8bae-452ce26019a3 2c9caaa1-4c01-4e77-8e67-905db0f75bd5 Pricing Either provide publich sector information free of charge or price it transparently and consistently to facilitate access and re-use and to ensure competition _ec51a2fb-93ed-477b-8471-54d95d3a5b2b 8 When public sector information is not provided free of charge, pricing public sector information transparently and consistently within and, as far as possible, across different public sector organisations so that it facilitates access and re-use and ensures competition. Where possible, costs charged to any user should not exceed marginal costs of maintenance and distribution, and in special cases extra costs for example of digitisation. Basing any higher pricing on clearly expressed policy grounds. When public sector information is not provided free of charge, pricing public sector information transparently and consistently within and, as far as possible, across different public sector organisations so that it facilitates access and re-use and ensures competition. Where possible, costs charged to any user should not exceed marginal costs of maintenance and distribution, and in special cases extra costs for example of digitisation. Basing any higher pricing on clearly expressed policy grounds. 3c4e2d43-3e60-4d69-be31-fffa4b9d495e 7dfb86f9-5853-4cad-930e-2ae1d90cc496 Competition Ensure that pricing strategies take into account considerations of unfair competition _79a4f713-1a20-4ddf-a22b-c39f0c4b9ab2 9 Ensuring that pricing strategies take into account considerations of unfair competition in situations where both public and business users provide value added services. Pursuing competitive neutrality, equality and timeliness of access where there is potential for cross-subsidisation from other government monopoly activities or reduced charges on government activities. Requiring public bodies to treat their own downstream/value-added activities on the same basis as their competitors for comparable purposes, including pricing. Particular attention should be paid to single sources of information resources. Promoting non-exclusive arrangements for disseminating information so that public sector information is open to all possible users and re-users on non-exclusive terms. Ensuring that pricing strategies take into account considerations of unfair competition in situations where both public and business users provide value added services. Pursuing competitive neutrality, equality and timeliness of access where there is potential for cross-subsidisation from other government monopoly activities or reduced charges on government activities. Requiring public bodies to treat their own downstream/value-added activities on the same basis as their competitors for comparable purposes, including pricing. Particular attention should be paid to single sources of information resources. Promoting non-exclusive arrangements for disseminating information so that public sector information is open to all possible users and re-users on non-exclusive terms. bd306646-57b0-4ee9-bb1e-d0adc866b06c bdea42e2-98e8-4d6b-8467-5f4edd811427 Redress mechanisms Provide appropriate transparent complaints and appeals processes _1a6f6b7c-d7e0-4dd6-8aca-766bc01b25f1 10 Providing appropriate transparent complaints and appeals processes. fafa3190-8bda-4df8-9630-3edd3471f435 eff0073d-26f9-419d-856f-79dc2440fa2d Public private partnerships Facilitate public-private partnerships where appropriate and feasible in making public sector information available _6c201206-78e3-42a3-b6e7-08b75eadb63c 11 Facilitating public-private partnerships where appropriate and feasible in making public sector information available, for example by finding creative ways to finance the costs of digitisation, while increasing access and re-use rights of third parties. Facilitating public-private partnerships where appropriate and feasible in making public sector information available, for example by finding creative ways to finance the costs of digitisation, while increasing access and re-use rights of third parties. 851d5e53-8a35-4180-8f0d-286ae660deca e57ee9a1-bd37-4548-aa40-bc64681548b8 International access and use Seek greater consistency in access regimes and administration to facilitate cross-border use and implementing other measures to improve cross-border interoperability _e2b25ef5-8582-4a0b-93b0-ac918b0840d1 12 Seeking greater consistency in access regimes and administration to facilitate cross-border use and implementing other measures to improve cross-border interoperability, including in situations where there have been restrictions on non-public users. Supporting international co-operation and co-ordination for commercial re-use and non-commercial use. Avoiding fragmentation and promote greater Seeking greater consistency in access regimes and administration to facilitate cross-border use and implementing other measures to improve cross-border interoperability, including in situations where there have been restrictions on non-public users. Supporting international co-operation and co-ordination for commercial re-use and non-commercial use. Avoiding fragmentation and promote greater interoperability and facilitate sharing and comparisons of national and international datasets. Striving for interoperability and compatible and widely used common formats. e52fdf0c-547a-491f-8ba1-04ccc4e05a82 01d2dbef-ec65-4b22-9e8c-ad4c80643468 Best practices Encourage the wide sharing of best practices and exchange of information _9c4a5b6f-20e6-49d9-8c0a-0d79a07d5716 13 Encouraging the wide sharing of best practices and exchange of information on enhanced implementation, educating users and re-users, building institutional capacity and practical measures for promoting re-use, cost and pricing models, copyright handling, monitoring performance and compliance, and their wider impacts on innovation, entrepreneurship, economic growth and social effects. Encouraging the wide sharing of best practices and exchange of information on enhanced implementation, educating users and re-users, building institutional capacity and practical measures for promoting re-use, cost and pricing models, copyright handling, monitoring performance and compliance, and their wider impacts on innovation, entrepreneurship, economic growth and social effects. a0879a13-6e35-4b20-8e7e-e4b1a739b840 229e5a5d-985a-4bcd-a884-a034e017ee68 2006-06-18 2010-02-08 http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/0/27/40826024.pdf Arthur Colman (www.drybridge.com) colman@drybridge.com Submit error.